A Pyramid Made From Food

How can you build a pyramid made out of food? Easy, the Food Pyramid shows the types or groups of foods that make up a healthy diet. It is made up in the shape of a pyramid to show you the different proportions of food.

For instance the widest part of the pyramid, or the bottom, shows you the type of foods that should make up the biggest part of your diet. As you go up the pyramid the amounts of food you need get smaller. This is to show you of which foods you should be eating more and of which ones you should be eating less.

The Food Groups

Bread, Cereal, Rice and Pasta Group:
This group is at the widest part or bottom of the pyramid because your body needs more from this group. These foods are a great source of carbohydrates, B vitamins and iron, and give the body its energy source. If you want plenty of energy you need to eat a good supply of food from this group. Suggested servings per day: 6-11.

Vegetable Group:
This group is toward the bottom of the pyramid and your body needs plenty of vegetables to maintain proper health. Did you know that vegetables contain a lot of vitamins and minerals? They also contain carbohydrates for energy and fiber. Why would you need fiber? Fiber helps in the digestion process by moving food along the digestive tract. Dark green and yellow vegetables are good sources of vitamin A, and tomatoes are a good source for vitamin C. Many people don’t like broccoli but it is a great source of vitamin K. Suggested servings per day: 3-5.

Fruit Group:
This group is also near the bottom of the pyramid. You should eat fruit every day because it provides your body with vitamins and carbohydrates, which you must have. Vitamin C can be found in oranges and strawberries and other fruits. Fruits also contain a lot of fiber. Fruits such as apples, bananas, pears, oranges, apricots and fruit juices are good examples of healthy fruits. Suggested servings per day: 2-4.

Mild, Yogurt and Cheese Group:
This group sits high upon the pyramid because you don’t need to eat as much from this group. Eating cheese, milk and yogurt, which gives the body protein, can provide calcium. Suggested servings per day: 2-3.

Meat, Poultry, Fish, Dry Bean, Eggs and Nuts Group:
This group sits high upon the pyramid and you don’t have to eat as many of them for your body to maintain proper health. However these foods do contain important nutrient protein for your body. Suggested Servings per day: 2-3.

Fats, Oils and Sweets Group:
These foods sit at the tip of the pyramid, and your body only needs a small amount from this group. Your body needs some fat, but don’t eat very much of it. Sweets can give you a quick pick-me-up but they don’t offer nutrients and are loaded with calories. Suggested servings per day: Use sparingly and don’t eat often.

Suggested Snacks:

Extra light snacks: Animal crackers, applesauce, banana, club crackers, Jello and yogurt.

Light snacks: animal crackers, applesauce, banana, cheese nips, corn chips, English muffins, honeydew and yogurt.

Medium snacks: apple, applesauce, banana, grilled cheese, pears, frozen cheese pizza, Ritz crackers and 1/2 cup macaroni and cheese.

Medium-plus snacks: English muffin, fresh fruit, 3/4 cups macaroni and cheese, popcorn, strawberries and yogurt, and raisin bread.

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